Sheikh Uways Al-Barawi (1847-1909) – Somali scholar credited with reviving Islam in 19th century East Africa and with followers in Yemen and Indonesia.
Sa’id of Mogadishu – 14th century Somali scholar and traveler. His reputation as a scholar earned him audiences with the Amirs of Mecca and Medina. He travelled across the Muslim world and visited Bengal and China.
Nur ibn Mujahid – 16th century Somali conqueror and Patron saint of Harar.
Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti (1753-1825) – Somali scholar living in Cairo that recorded the Napoleonic invasion of Egypt.
Shaykh Abd Al-Rahman bin Ahmad al-Zayla’i (1820-1882) – Somali scholar who played a crucial role in the spread of the Qadiriyyah movement in Somalia and East Africa.
Ahmed Gurey (c. 1507 – February 21, 1543) – 16th century Imam and military leader that led the Conquest of Ethiopia.
Ali al-Jabarti (d.1492) – 16th century Somali scholar and politician in the Mamluk Empire.
Shaykh Muhammad Al-Sumaalee (b. 1910-2005) – Somali scholar and teacher in the Masjid Al-Haram in Mecca. He influenced many of the prominent Islamic scholars of today.
Uthman bin Ali Zayla’i – 14th century Somali theologian and jurist who wrote the single most authoritative text on the Hanafi school of Islam, consisting of four volumes known as the Tabayin al-Haqa’iq li Sharh Kanz al-Daqa’iq.
Abdallah al-Qutbi (1879 – 1952) – Somali polemicist theologian and philosopher.
Hassan al-Jabarti (d.1774) – Somali mathematician, theologian, astronomer and philosopher, considered one of the great scholars of the 18th century.
Shaykh Sufi (1829 – 1904) – 19th century Somali scholar, poet, reformist and astrologist.
Abd al Aziz al-Amawi (1832 – 1896) – 19th century influential Somali diplomat, historian, poet, jurist and scholar living in the Sultanate of Zanzibar.
While little is known of his life, according to Franz Steiner, al-Jabarti was born in the village of Tell el Gabarti in the northern Delta province of Beheira, while Abdulkader Saleh states that al-Jabarti was born in Cairo.
According to al-Jabarti’s writings, his name comes from his “seventh-degree grandfather,” Abd al-Rahman, who was the earliest member of his family known to him.
Abd al-Rahman was from the al-Jabart region in Zeila, modern Somalia and visited the Riwaqs of the Jabarti communities in Mecca and Medina before making it to Egypt where he became Sheikh of the Riwaq there and head of the Jabarti community.
Trained as a shaykh at al-Azhar University, al-Jabarti began keeping a monthly chronicle of events in Cairo. This chronicle, which is generally known in English simply as al-Jabarti’s History of Egypt, and known in Arabic as Aja’ib al-athar fi al-tarajim wal-akhbar (عجائب الاَثار في التراجم والاخبار), became a world-famous historical text by virtue of its eyewitness accounts of Napoleon’s invasion and Muhammad Ali’s seizure of power.
The entries from his chronicle dealing with the French expedition and occupation have been excerpted and compiled in English as a separate volume entitled Napoleon in Egypt.
According to Marsot, at the end of his life, al-Jabarti chose to be buried in Tell al-Gabarti, the town to which he traced his descent