Somalia Islam

Somalia (1960-present)

Pre-Crisis Phase (July 1, 1960-October 14, 1969):  Somalia formally achieved its independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship under Italian administration on July 1, 1960. Adan Abdullah Osman Daar, president of the Legislative Assembly, was elected provisional president. President Adan Abdullah appointed Abdi Rashid Ali Shirmarke as prime minister on July 12, 1960. The Egyptian government agreed to provide military assistance ...

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Important Islamic figures

Sheikh Uways Al-Barawi (1847-1909) – Somali scholar credited with reviving Islam in 19th century East Africa and with followers in Yemen and Indonesia. Sa’id of Mogadishu – 14th century Somali scholar and traveler. His reputation as a scholar earned him audiences with the Amirs of Mecca and Medina. He travelled across the Muslim world and visited Bengal and China. Nur ...

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Main article: Islam in Somalia

Somalis are entirely Muslims, the majority belonging to the Sunni branch of Islam and the Shafi`i school of Islamic jurisprudence,[40] although a few are also adherents of the Shia Muslim denomination. The whitewashed coral stone city of Merca is an ancient Islamic center in Somalia. Qu’ranic schools (also known as duqsi) remain the basic system of traditional religious instruction in ...

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